I propose to devote today’s article to the botanical topic. Unexpected, isn’t it? But, of course, the connection with the English language will be the most direct. Can you remember at least a few trees name in English?
We will not go into any outlandish species, we will list only the most basic, most common in the world. This topic may not seem so important to English learners. I agree that there are words that are much more necessary for “survival” in an English-speaking country that you need to know. I would even call them paramount. But for those who plan to study English more deeply, any topic will be important to study.
But once again I emphasize that the types of trees presented in this article are the most basic. And this means that you still need to know these words, and, most likely, they will be useful to you somewhere. Even if you do not plan to delve into English “headlong”.
Foliage Trees Name in English
1.Peepal Tree (Ficus religiosa)
Peepal is taken into account as a sacred tree within the Hindu religion. People believe that Lord Vishnu lives inside the tree. It’s also a crucial tree that produces an outsized amount of oxygen. Therefore, it’s our solemn duty to guard this miraculous tree.
2.Banyan (Ficus benghalensis)
Banyan is another large tree that’s generally planted alongside the Peepal tree. It’s also considered sacred. It’s considered the World’s largest tree in terms of area covered.
3.Neem (Azadirachta indica)
Neem may be a medium-sized tree with many medicinal benefits. The opposite English name of the tree is Indian lilac. It’s an Evergreen tree. This tree also works as an insecticide.
4.Ashoka (Saraca asoca)
There are two sorts of Ashoka trees. One may be a dropping type (Polyalthia pendula) and another is Non-drooping Ashoka (Polyalthia longifolia). It’s a crucial tree which is usually planted at the side of roads. it’s of great aesthetic importance.
Bamboo may be a tall tree with many foliage. It’s hollow from the inside. This tree is employed to form countless items. So, it’s called the Miracle tree.
Acacia may be a beautiful shrub tree also known by its other English names like mimosa, thorntree and wattle. they’re evergreen trees with fern-like leaves.
Eucalyptus is the tallest tree that’s generally found in Australia.
Plumeria may be a deciduous angiosperm. It’s also referred to as the Frangipani and Pagoda tree.
9.Sagwan/Teak (Tectona grandis)
Sagwan tree also referred to as Teak in English may be a tall tree with superior Quality leaves. It’s also referred to as the King of the forest.
10.Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum)
It is a little Evergreen tree whose inner bark is employed as Species.
11.Gulmohar (Delonix regia)
Gulmohar trees are beautiful tall trees of the fabaceae family with amazingly beautiful flowering plants. It’s planted on roads and is distributed in sub-tropical climates everywhere on the planet.
12.Pine Tree (Pinus)
Pine are conifer trees of the Pinus genus of Pinaceae family. Pinus is the sole genus in the subfamily Pinoideae. Pines have prickly leaves.
13.Sal (Shorea robusta)
Sal tree is one of the timber trees in this world. It’s widely distributed in South East Asian countries like India, Nepal, Myanmar. It’s widely utilized for different furniture and timber.
A walnut may be an edible seed of a drupe of genus Juglans. It is a nut-producing tree with a canopy size. It’s a large size which makes it very attractive to look at.
15.Bottlebrush Tree (Callistemon)
Bottlebrush is a beautiful and attractive foliage tree. The flowers of bottlebrush seem like a brush to clean bottles, So – it’s called a bottle brush tree. Many honey bees sit on this tree to collect pollen during the flowering season.
16.Ironwood (Olneya tesota)
The ironwood tree has connections with the trees of the Fabaceae family of perennial angiospermous.
17.Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosifolia)
Jacaranda may be a beautiful tree of blue-coloured flowers. They’re generally planted on the road which makes the entire surrounding beautiful. It is one of the genus of the Bignoniacae family.
Mahogany is a straight tall growing tree of origin from the United States. The mahogany tree is dense and round. It may reach up to the peak of 61 m towards the sky.
19.Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
Tulip Tree is a fast-growing flowery tree which will reach a height of almost 58 meters. They produce attractive flowers during the month of May.
20.Cork Tree (Quercus suber)
Cork tree is additionally referred to as Quercus suber. It is originally from the Mediterranean. It is a green and medium sized tree whose wood is widely utilized in making corks which work as a stopper and for Wine bottles.and also used in the cores of cricket balls.
21.Maple Tree (Acer)
Maple may be a genus of the many trees and the genus is from the Sapindaceae family. This includes different sorts of trees with a spread of colored leaves. Maple trees are used in different types of musical instruments. Most of them reach a height of 10-45 meters.
22.Pongam (Millettia pinnata)
Pongam is a tropical, medium to large sized and evergreen tree with a quick rate of growth and enormous canopy size. Its height is about 15 to 25 meters. It’s very valuable due to its oil.
23.Thuja (Thuja occidentalis)
It is one of the genus of small coniferous trees from the cypress family. The division of this tree is Pinophyta. It is a little, dense and evergreen plant with a lot of foliage. It’s used to make bonsai. These tree names in English have different variations. Generally, there are two sorts of Thuja or Cedars.
24.Sandal Tree (Santalum album)
Sandal tree may be a tree originating from South-East Asia. Genus is Santalum. Its wood is yellow but heavy. It’s also used as sandalwood oil and is taken into account as sacred in some religions. These are parasitic plants that take nutrition from other plants.
25.Elm tree (Ulmus)
Elm trees are deciduous flowering plants of genus Ulmus in the Ulmaceae family.Elms are resistant to water. It has been used for decorative purposes, and also widely used to make boats and other boat parts. It is an egg-shaped plant with its pointed tip. It is a native origin from the British countryside.
These were some of the foliage trees name in English. Let’s now move to the fruit trees name in English. These are the trees that are grown for his or her fruit/reproductive part.
Read Also: Vegetables name in Hindi, Urdu & English
Fruit Trees Name in English
26.Mango Tree (Mangifera indica)
Mango is one among the most tasty and freshened fruits. It belongs to the family Anacardiaceae. The fragrance of this fruit is very attractive to anyone. It’s a tall, large and evergreen tree. The fruit of this mango tree is green for unripened fruit which then turns to yellow thanks to ripening later.
27.Tamarind Tree (Tamarindus indica)
The Tamarind tree has its origins in tropical Africa. The family of this tree belongs to the Fabaceae. Its fruit looks like a brown pod-like that’s tangy to taste. The tree is extremely tall and enormous with sparse leaves. It grows up to 25 meters. Its lumber is used for many purposes such as carving, furniture, mortars, etc.
28.Apple Tree (Malus)
Apple trees are deciduous small trees grown during cold or temperate seasons. It belongs to the Rosaceae family. It’s one among the foremost consumed fruits all around the world. The unripened fruit is green which turns into reddish though some green varieties also are found.
29.Jack Tree (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
Jackfruit is an exotic large tree-borne fruit within the world. It’s a sorosis meaning, Many small fruitlets combined to make one large fruit the Jackfruit. So, it’s aggregate fruit.
30.Coconut Tree (Cocos nucifera)
Coconut is a tall, long-lived tree that’s mostly found in coastal areas. It has a smooth bark of gray. It reaches almost 20-30 meters. It produces nut fruit which contains flesh and water from inside.
31.Papaya Tree (Carica papaya)
Papaya is one of many tasty fruits. The fruit of this tree is red to yellow of ripened fruit. It has a palm-like trunk as tall as 5 to 10 meters. Its origin is Central America.
32.Amla (Phyllanthus emblica)
Amla is additionally referred to as Indian Gooseberry in English. It’s a powerhouse of nutrients very rich in vitamin C and polyphenols and widely utilized in hairdressing and for healthier hair.
33.Pear Tree (Pyrus)
Pear tree is a fully grown plant which may reach to the height of 40 feet. Pyrus is the genus of this tree. Pear may be a fruit of a temperate region. It belongs to the Rosaceae family.
34.Plum (Prunus domestica)
Plum trees need a damp climate with colder winters and warmer summers. Ripened fruits have dusty white waxy coatings on them. There are three sorts of Plum namely, European Plum, Japanese Plum and Wild Plum.
35.Pomegranate (Punica granatum)
Pomegranate a shrub tree of the family Lythraceae that bears a round fruit with heavy peel outside and little grain-like fruits inside. Height is almost 5 t0 10 meters.
Banana is the most edible and popular fruit on the globe. It is a Monocarpic, herbaceous (non – woody) Perennial plant. Belongs to the genus Musa of Musaceae family. Bananas are very healthy and contain very essential nutrients for our body. Different sorts of bananas are available within the market.
37.Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera)
Date Palm is usually referred to as Date tree in english. These are monocotyledon plants and belong to the Palmae family. It’s a sweet product which is very nutritious. It is often dried and may be preserved for an extended period of your time. These trees grow well in warm climates.
38.Mulberry (Morus alba)
Mulberry may be a small black fruit. It’s a berry. It is a short lived plant of almost 12 meters. Its fruit can be consumed both as fresh or dried. Life span is equal to humans.
39.Lemon Tree (Citrus limon)
Lemon fruits are yellow zesty rich in vitamin C. It’s widely utilized in making different items. The leaves of the neem also are used as medicine. They grow well in the warm and temperate climate and are cold sensitive.
40.Guava (Psidium guajava)
Guava may be a fruit which will be cultivated in any sort of soil. It is a small tree that is easily pollinated by small insects. It contains a number of seeds from inside though seedless varieties also are present which are triploid.
41.Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)
Mangosteen is additionally referred to as the Queen of fruits in India. It is an exotic but evergreen plant of the Clusiaceae family. Fruits are edible native to the tropical climate of India. It’s a purple colour with four calyxes at the bottom.
42.Areca Nut (Areca catechu)
Areca nut is commonly referred to as betel nut or supari. It is an edible fruit of tropical palm trees. It’s a relative of the coconut (cocos nucifera). It’s a palm with a lifetime of generally sixty years but it can reach up to hundred years. The dry kernel is employed mainly for masticatory purposes in India. The common name BETEL-NUT comes from its association of chewing the nut together with the mint-tasting leaf of the Piper beetle, commonly referred to as betle (or betel) leaf.
43.Bael (Aegle marmelos)
Bael is understood by different names in several regions of the globe. Belongs to the Rutaceae family. It is a rare species that belongs to countries like India, Bangladesh, etc. Its leaves and fruits are used in making medicines for constipation and for other diseases.
44.Litchi (Litchi chinensis)
Litchi may be a sort of nut. It’s one among the luscious and savory fruits. The edible parts of litchi are referred to as an aril. It is a native of the soapberry family. There are three sorts of litchi in the universe..
45.Persimmon (Diospyros kaki)
Persimmon may be a climacteric and edible fruit with little acidity and primarily sweet taste. Fruits are a rich source of beta carotene and other minerals. Persimmon is referred to as the National Fruit of Japan. It belongs to the Diospyros genus.
46. Peach (Prunus persica)
Peaches are deciduous trees grown during a temperate climate. They need a medium-sized tree. The fruit may be a drupe, yellow flesh and velvety or smooth skin.
47. Mandarin (Citrus reticulata)
Mandarin may be a small citrus that’s also rich in vitamin C. Many of us say that the English name of the Mandarin tree is Orange. But, That’s wrong, Orange is larger and is difficult to peel in comparison to Mandarin. They are natives of the Philippines.
48.Avocado (Persea americana)
Avocados are the only members of the Lauaceae family. It is dark green fruit with an outsized pit and seed inside. Avocado popularity is in its rich and creamy texture.
49.Custard Apple (Annona reticulata)
Custard apples may be a small tropical tree of the deciduous region. It’s a different shaped fruit from heart shaped to spherical and features a creamy texture.
50.Jamun (Syzygium cumini)
Jamun may be a tropical fruit that produces many black flavourful fruits. This fruit is sweet for diabetic patients and favoured for its fruit and timber value.
These were the 50 Trees names in English and also scientifically. We haven’t listed small shrub fruits like Pineapple and other such shrubs.